A couple of weeks ago I gave a presentation entitled FACS: Full STEAM Ahead to a delightful group of FACS educators in Birmingham, AL. The presentation highlights the many areas of FACS that offer opportunities to incorporate STEAM into the existing FACS curriculum. In my remarks I emphasized the extensive STEAM connections offered in Textiles, Fashion, and Apparel courses, a FACS content area that sadly is not currently offered in the majority of schools. I shared several examples of the STEAM relevance of textiles and sewing to underscore my position that these courses should once again be part of the FACS curriculum.
Following my presentation, a passionate FACS educator pleaded with me to contact the director at her school to let her offer classes in textiles and apparel again. As evidence of her preparedness to offer quality instruction in this area, the teacher showed me photos of the beautifully-appointed classroom set up with 30 new sewing machines, cutting tables and everything else that students would need to be successful in this vital program. The space is beautiful, spacious, well-appointed and new! I agreed with the teacher that it is a crime to deny students access to this area and agreed to curate some talking points that she could use to try to convince her program director to allow her to teach textiles and apparel.
I happily agreed to try and help out this dedicated and enthusiastic FACS educator! However, upon reflection, I decided that instead of sending this list of STEAM attributes just to this administrator, I would share it with the FACS community in case there are more of you fighting to save or revive Textiles, Fashion, and Apparel programs all across the country. BTW: You may all feel free to print or otherwise share this list with anyone you feel needs to be better informed on this subject!
National Standards for Family and Consumer Sciences Education, Area of Study 16.0
Comprehensive Standard: Integrate knowledge, skills, and practices required for careers in textiles and apparel.
Science–The study of the natural world
- Identification, comparison and analysis of textile fibers and fabrics.
- Evaluation of performance characteristics of textile fibers and fabrics.
- Analysis of the characteristics of textile components in design construction, care, use, maintenance, and disposal or recycling of products.
- Evaluation of fibers and fabrics for care and sustainability factors.
- Testing and analyzing various textile finishes for aesthetic, functional, chemical and mechanical finishes.
- Testing fabrics for shrinkage.
- Testing fabrics for flame resistance and flame retardant properties.
- Experimenting with the application of dyes and other color applications.
- Selecting and preparing fabrics for projects. Ex. preshrinking, checking grain, straightening the grain, etc.
Technology–Any product made by humans to meet a want or a need.
- Identifying , selecting and effectively using cutting tools used in garment design and construction. Ex. shears, scissors, rotary cutters, pinking and scalloping shears, thread clippers, seam rippers, etc.
- Identifying, selecting and effectively using marking tools. Ex. carbon paper, tracing wheels, marking pens, tailor’s chalk, etc.
- Identifying, selecting and effectively using sewing needles and pins. Ex. Sharps, betweens, crewel or embroidery needles, ballpoint, universal, dressmaker’s pins, silk pins, ball point pins, etc.
- Identifying and selecting sewing notions appropriate to project design and function. Ex. thread, fasteners, tapes and trims, elastics, interfacings, etc.
- Identifying, selecting and effectively using pressing equipment. Ex. steam iron, press cloth, sleeve board, seam roll, pressing ham.
- Proficiently and safely operating all types of sewing machines. Ex. Basic, digital, embroidery, sergers, etc.
- Caring for and maintaining all types of sewing machines.
- Interpreting labels and hangtags used on textiles and apparel products.
Engineering–The design process through which problems are solved.
- Interpreting pattern markings and using them effectively and appropriately. Ex. alterations to length, width, etc.
- Selecting sewing patterns suitable for body type, functionality, and general project design.
- Selection of fabrics appropriate for pattern, style, body type and functionality of garment design.
- Laying out pattern pieces to make the best use of fabric.
- Placing pattern pieces to adjust for nap or patterned fabrics.
- Transferring pattern marking to fabric pieces.
- Accurately cutting fabric pattern pieces.
- Selecting and implementing proper seam treatments. Ex. trimming, grading, clipping and notching, machine zigzag, overcast, etc.
- Selecting and implementing proper hem finishes. Ex. slip stitch, blind stitch, hem stitch, catch stitch, fused hem, etc.
- Selecting and implementing proper garment closures. Ex. buttons and buttonholes, snaps. hooks and eyes, hook-and-loop tape, etc.
- Repairing, redesigning, restyling. and recycling articles of clothing to extend or repurpose their usefulness
Art–The expression or application of human creative skill and imagination.
- Evaluating the ways in which fiber, fabric, texture, pattern, and finish affect visual appearance.
- Applying basic and complex color schemes and color theory to develop and enhance visual effects.
- Utilizing elements and principles of design in designing, constructing, and/or altering textiles, fashion, and apparel. Ex. repetition, texture, mirroring, scale, composition, etc.
- Demonstrating design concepts using fiber, fabric or digital means, in creating original fabric, garment or other textile projects.
- Utilizing computer, software and related digital technology to create original patterns and fabric designs. Ex. Adobe Photoshop, Illustrator, etc.
- Applying an understanding of pattern motifs to fabric selection and fabric design. Ex. geometric, floral, ethnic, conversational, etc.
- Experimenting with various fabric printing methods. Ex. hand printing, digital printing, mass production, etc.
Math–The language of numbers, shapes and quantities.
- Determining figure type based on height and proprotion.
- Taking body measurements to determine pattern size. Ex. bust or chest, waist, hip, etc.
- Converting fabric yardage based on different widths of fabric.
- Calculating the cost of a sewing project.
- Accurately using appropriate measuring tools. Ex. tape measure, sewing gauge, cutting mat, quilting rulers, etc.
- Measuring to determine necessary pattern adjustments.
- Measuring to determine and adjust garment hem.
- Determining appropriate stitch length based on fabric, stitch technique, and the construction process.
- Measuring for placement and even distribution of garment closures.
- Calculating and comparing the cost of ready made garments.
- Comparing discounts and other savings offered by discount, department and specialty stores.
- Applying basic geometry concepts to modern quilting techniques.
Textiles and Apparels classes offer some of the most obvious connections to STEAM within the existing FACS curriculum, so any administrator who is serious about an emphasis on STEAM across the curriculum should be happy to support a program with the depth and diversity of this content area. I should also point out that virtually all of the STEAM connections noted here also apply to instruction in the area of Interior Design. In fact, the math connections are even more obvious and challenging in ID. I hope that this post will provide you with some factual data that will help you in your efforts to bring back textiles, fashion, and apparel!
We have two resources that you might also find helpful! Check them out on our website www.freshfacs.com.